‘The wild female spirit’ in the storytelling tradition of the Afro-Ecuadorian community

Sep 7, 2019 | 0 comments

Editor’s note: In an ongoing project, photographer Johis Alarcón explores identity within Ecuador’s African diaspora through the lens of ‘Cimarrona’ – the wild female spirit. The photos were part of the July exhibit at Latin American Foto Festival 2019, at the Bronx Documentary Centre.

By John Huck

The term ‘Cimarrona’ refers to what Johis Alarcón calls “the wild female spirit”. In her ongoing visual project (itself titled Cimarrona), the Ecuadorian photographer explores identity in Afro-Ecuadorian communities through this lens.

While Alarcón had long been fascinated with the notion of spirituality, it was a conversation with a close friend – the pan-African activist Sista Karla Viteri Addis Abbeba – that compelled her to begin the series.


When we were speaking, she said, ‘You are very lucky, because you have always been with your mother,’” remembers Alarcón. “At first I was confused, but afterwards she clarified, “I could never meet my mother, my Mother Africa, I was forced to leave it. My only way of being in connection is [through] my spirituality. In that moment awoke in me a great questioning… How is Africa still alive in Ecuador? How is your spirituality still alive?”

A year and a half later, Cimarrona – which is showing as part of Latin American Foto Festival presented by the Bronx Documentary Center – exists as a detailed portrait of the country’s African diaspora. Part of a wider Afro-Americans project supported by AECID, the project saw Alarcón embedding herself within the communities she photographed, discovering how cultural identity was preserved and passed down through generations via oral histories and storytelling.

“Albita Pavón, one of the first women I photographed, told me about the story titled Secretly They Arrived, which says that when the black people were brought to America, the ships did not come only enslaved bodies, but also came their Orishas – deities of the afro people.”

“These spirits accompanied and guarded their people, giving them the strength and wisdom to find their liberation. It is they, the Orishas, ​​who live to this day in all the Afro Palenques in Ecuador.” 

The images that make up the project occupy a space between documentary and fine art, blending the realities of day-to-day life within Afro-Ecuadorian with visual depictions of the spiritual. For Alarcón, it’s about celebrating the perseverance and resolve that make up ‘Cimarrona’, all while introducing it to a wider network of people. 

“I believe that photography is a space in which you can meet each other. If you find a common point, one you can identify and recognize in each other, you can open a space for dialogue, and above all for humanity.” 


See more of Johis Alarcón’s work on her official website


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